Shat Gombuj Mosque

The Muslims built mosques for ritual needs. Numerous mosques built during the Mughal period. Shat Gombuj Mosque is one of them, also known as the Shat Kamboj Mosque(Shait Gumbad Mosque) is a mosque in the mosque city of Bagerhat, Bangladesh. Shait Gumbad Masjid is a UNESCO World Heritage Site of Bangladesh. The construction of the mosque started in 1442 and completed in 1459 during the Bengal Sultanate by Ulugh Khan Jahan, the governor of the Sundarbans. Shat Gombuj Mosque is locally known as the “Saith Gambuj Masjid,” however, there are Seventy-seven domes over the main hall and exactly 60 stone pillars. It is an ambient and a beautiful place to visit. The whole structure stands majestically on a vast expanse of land surrounded by gardens on all sides and two banian trees on either side of the grand mosque. It also has a museum near it in the same area.

Location of Shat Gombuj Mosque

Shat Gambuj Mosque located in the mosque city of Bagerhat district in the southern part of Bangladesh, which is in the Khulna Division. It is about 5km from the main town of Bagerhat. Bagerhat is nearly 320 km from Bangladesh. It is possible that the mosque initially referred to as the sixty pillared Mosque where Amud meaning column into Gombuj in Bangla, which means domes.

History of Shat Gombuj Mosque

There are three World Heritage Site in Bangladesh. The Shat Gambuj Mosque in Bagerhat is one of them. It is a 15th-century Islamic edifice located in the suburbs of Bagerhat(A district in Khulna Division), on the edge of the Sundarbans, on 175km southwest of Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh. In the 15th century, a Muslim colony founded in the mangrove forest of the Sundarbans, near the coast in the Bagerhat District by a saint-General, known as Khan Jahan Ali. He preached in an affluent city during the reign of Sultan Nasiruddin Mahmud Shah, which then known as Khalifabad. Khan Jahan Ali adorned this city with more than a dozen mosques, the ruins of which focused around the most imposing and is the largest multi-domed mosques in Bangladesh, which is known as the Shait-Gumbad Masjid. The construction of the mosque started in 1442 and completed in 1459. It used for prayers, and also as a madrasa and assembly hall.

Structure

The structure of the building represents the 15th century Turki architectural view. The mosque anticipated that before 1459 the greatest devotee of Islam named Khan Jahan Ali established this mosque and was also the founder of Bagerhat district. The mosque is an enormous Mughal architectural site covering area 17280 square feet. It is unique in that it has sixty pillars, which supports eighty-one exquisitely curved domes that have worn away with time. It has walls of unusually thick, tapered brick in the Tughlaq style and a hut-shaped roofline that anticipates later style. The length of the mosque is 49m(160ft) tall and 33m (108ft) full. It has four towers. Two of the four towers used to call azaan. The interior divided into many aisles and bays by slender columns, which culminate in numerous arches that support the roof.

The Interior Design of the Mosque

The vast prayer hall, although provided with 11 arched doorways on east and seven each on north and south for ventilation and light. A dark and cloudy appearance inside. It divided into seven longitudinal aisles and 11 deep bays by a forest of 60 slender stone columns. The mosque has 77 square domes with seven four-sided pitched Bengali domes in the middle row. However, the decoration of the mosque is mostly in terracotta and brick-setting. A rare example of stone carving in low relief. Much of the ornamentation has already disappeared due to the ravages of time. Still survives in the doorway arches, mihrabs, the angles of the intersecting arches below the domes. The interior of the Chau-Chala vaults, the raised moldings of the corner towers. The cornices of the compound gateway and the mosque proper.

The History Of name Shat Gombuj

‘Shatgumbad’ means sixty domes, but the reality is the mosque has eighty-one domes in total, and seventy-seven over the roof. Four smaller ones over the four corner towers. However, the name of the mosque given ‘Shat Khumbaz'(Shat means sixty, and Khumbaj means pillar). The word khumbaj has subsequently corrupted Gumbad to give the building the popular name of ‘Shatgumbad.’

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Adina Masjid

Adina Masjid situated in the Indian state of West Bengal near the border with Bangladesh, which was the largest masjid in the Indian subcontinent. It was built during the Bengal Sultanate as a royal masjid by Sikandar Shah, who also buried in the mosque. Adina Masjid, which is in medieval times, was according to an inscription at its back wall, built-in 1375 AD.

History of Adina Masjid

Ilyas Shah’s son Sikandar Shah succeeded him in 1357. Sultan Firoz Shah Tughluq of Delhi attacked Bengal again in1359. But Sikandar Shah, like his father, successfully faced the imperial army of Delhi. The Sultans of Delhi realized the growing strength of the Sultans of Bengal. They did not try to capture Bengal for quite a long time after this. Under Sikandar’s rule, Bengal was wealthy and peaceful for about thirty years. In 1375, Sikandar Shah built the famous Adina Masjid in Pandua(present Malda district of West Bengal, India). Sikandar Shah died around 1389. Adina Masjid compares with the mosques of those cities not only in size but also in plan and standardization; in fact, it rivals the masterpieces of the world. But today, the mosque is mostly in ruins.

Location

The mosque located in the historical city of Pandua, a former capital in the Bengal Sultanate. Pandua was a thriving and cosmopolitan trading center during the period of the Sultanate. It was a walled city with well-arranged streets and bazaars. The market places sold any goods, including six varieties of muslin and four types of wine. The markets included eateries, drinking houses, and bathing areas. The Sultan’s residence was a white mansion. Alcohol not served in the royal court.

Construction

The masjid consists of bricks faced with stones on the lower part of the walls, and of open brick on other parts. The prayer chamber, measuring 24m in breaths, has five aisles. Dividing the prayer chamber through the middle, a wide vaulted nave runs perpendicular to the qibla wall but is now fallen. The domes of the mosque covering squares formed by stone columns are square at the base, rounded at the middle, and slanting towards the capitals. There was an inverted tumbler shape with an elliptical curve, typical of the dome used throughout the whole Sultanate period. The vaults carried by triangular pendentives now fallen except some of the northern cloisters of the prayer chamber. The nave, much higher galleries, covered by a
barrel vault, which because of its loftiness, dominated the whole structure and seen from the long distance.

Interior of Adina Masjid

The interior of the courtyard is a continuous facade of 92 arches surmounted by a parapet, beyond which the domes of the bays can see. The ornament of the building is simple, but if you look closer, you can see the intensity and disciple in the engravings that have created on the walls and arches. The elevated interior platform, which was the gallery of the Sultan and his officials, still exists. The Sultan’s tomb chamber attached to the western wall. A few parts of the mosque’s exterior wall have curvings like elephants and dancing figures. Historian has considered whether the builders used stone from pre-Islamic structures or whether the mosque proclaimed Sikandar Shah as “the exalted Sultan” and the “Caliph of the faithful.”The Sultan buried in a tomb chamber attached to the wall facing the direction of Mecca. Earthquakes damaged the mosque in the 19th century.

Traveling time or guide

Malda has to be a base for visiting the site as there is no place to stay there. Travel time is about two hours from Malda(due to frequent traffic jams). There is no ticket for visiting the site. However, permission/tickets required for video recording, but from where the permission taken not mentioned anywhere on the website. A good camera is sufficient to capture the images of the Adina masjid. The site can completely cover in about two or three hours. Since the place situated in a small village, there is no facility for refreshments, etc.

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Humayun’s Tomb

Humayun’s Tomb was the first garden-tomb on the Indian subcontinent. It is the Tomb of the Mughal Emperor Humayun in Delhi, India. The Tomb commissioned by Humayun’s first wife and chief consort, Empress Bega Begum(also known as Haji Begum) in 1569-70. It designed by Mirak Mirza Ghiyas and his son, Sayyid Muhammad, Persian architects. It was also the first structure to use red sandstone. This one-of-a-kind garden tomb built mid -16th century in the memory of Mughal Emperor Humayun by his Persia-born first wife, Hazi Begum. Little wonder, the grand scale geometry, restrained decoration, and the symmetrical gardens believed inspiration for the Taj Mahal in Agra. It declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Location

Humayun’s Tomb, located in New Delhi’s Nizamuddin East neighborhood, Hazi Begum, choose not only the Persian architects who built the monument but also the area. The Tomb lies
on the banks of the Yamuna, near to the dargah of famous Sufi Saint of Delhi, Nizamuddin Auliya, who was much revered by the rulers of Delhi, and whose residence, Chilla Nizamuddin
Auliya lies just north-east of the Tomb.

History of Humayun’s Tomb

Humayun, the second Mughal ruler, was the son and successor of Babur. Even though Humayun, a brave and adventurous ruler, he lost several territories to Sher Khan Suri over the ensuing years. Sher Khan Suri occupied the throne of Delhi as well. He took the title of Sher Shah Sur as the ruler of India, including Bengal. But Humayun successfully won back his territories after a few years and set about uniting his Empire after. Sher Shah’s death in 1545. Even though he not counted amongst the greatest Mughal emperors, Humayun ensured that he left behind a rich legacy for his son Akbar. Humayun died in 1556 AD following a fall from stairs. He laid to rest at his palace.

Architectural Design

Humayun’s Tomb designed by the Persian architect Mirak Mirza Ghiyas(also referred to as Mirak Ghiyathuddin), who selected by the Empress and brought from Herat (northwest Afghanistan); He had previously designed several buildings in Herat, Bukhara(Now Uzbekistan), and others elsewhere in India. Ghiyas died before the structure completed and then completed by his son, Sayyed Muhammad ibn Mirak Ghiyathuddin. In 1880, after the establishment of the British rule in Delhi, the garden was redesigned to accommodate an English style garden. However, it was restored to the original style in a significant restoration project between 1903 and 1909. The complex and its structures slowly defiled when it used to house the refugees during the 1947 partition of India. After restoration in1993, Humayun’s Tomb was named as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, by the Archeological Survey of India(ASI)-Aga Khan Trust for Culture(AKTC).

Structure of Humayun’s Tomb

The structure situated in the center of a 216000m2 square garden complex on a raised 7m high stone platform. The garden is a typical Persia Char Bagh layout, with four ways radiating from the central building dividing the garden into four smaller segments. The pathways may also adorned with water features. The architectural landscaping Style symbolizes the Garden of Paradise, which is according to Quranic beliefs, consists, of four rivers: one of water, one of milk, one of honey, and one of wine. The garden also has houses trees serving a host of purposes like providing shade, producing fruits, flowers, and nurturing birds.

The art of Humayun’s Tomb

The Tomb made by red sandstone with white marble double domes capped with 6m long brass final ending in a crescent. The domes are 42.5 m high. Marble also used in the latticework, Pietra dura floors, and eaves. The height of the Tomb is 47m, and its breadth is 91m. There two double-arched gateways in the entry of the tomb complex. In the center of eastern and northern walls, a barbaric and a hammam located. The tomb complex consists of several buildings, tombs, mosques, and a lodging place. Famous buildings in the complex are Nila Guband, Arab Sarai, and Bu Halima.

Travelling Guide

The Indira Gandhi International Airport is 15km far from Humayun’s Tomb. You can hail a cab from the airport to easily reach Humayun’s Tomb. Hazrat Nizamuddin Railway station is the closest train station to Humayun’s Tomb, 2.5km away. You can take a walk from Dargah Hazrat Nizamuddin bus stand is only 800 meters away to Humayun’s Tomb or hail an auto to reach. So anyone can easily travel to this beautiful place in these ways.

Opening Hours:
Opening time-06:00am
closing time-06:00pm

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Saint Martin

Saint Martin Island is a beautiful island located in the deep sea(Bay of Bengal). It is in the northeastern part of the Bay of Bengal about 9km south of the trip of the Cox’s Bazar-Teknaf peninsula and forming the southernmost part of Bangladesh. There is a small Island in st. Martin that is separated at high tide called Chera Dwip, which is full of probal. It is about 8 kilometers (5 miles) west of the northwest coast of Myanmar, at the mouth of the Naf river. Since this is the Island is full of a Coconut tree, in locally, they call this place”Narikel Jinjira” or “Coconut Jinjira” as well. The taste of seafood is fantastic. Boat ride through the sea will give you a marvelous scenarioSea food and coconut water is the main attraction. Sunset and sunrise both are enjoyable from this Island. Even you can see the pagoda located in Myanmar from this Island. You can’t just explain the beauty in words.

Description

Saint Martin Island makes up the Union Parishad. It has nine villages under this Union Parishad. Saint Martin Island is 7,315km long. Geographically it is divided into three parts. The northern partis called Narikel Jinjira or Uttar Para, and it is 2,134m long and 1,402m wide. The southern part is known as Dakshin Para, which is 1,929m long, with a narrow tail of 1,890m towards the southeast, and width is 975m. The thin central belt or Madhyapara connects the two parts. The length and breadth of this belt are about 1,524m and 518m, and the narrowest collar is known as Golachipa. The most densely populated region is Jinjira. There is a scarcity of sweet water ponds, and several tubewells supply fresh water for drinking as well as for cultivation. Through the Island falls in the Monsoon zone, the climate much influenced by the sea. The soil of the Island is not so fertile.

Transportation of Saint Martin Island

The only way to reach Saint Martin Island is by water transportation: boats and ships from Cox’s Bazar and Teknaf. The internal transport for the Island is a non-motorized van or rickshaw
(pulled by man). The roads are made of concrete, and their condition is decent. There is no electricity supply from the national grid since a hurricane in 1991. All the hotels run generators until 11 pm, which are not allowed afterward, so they then rely on solar power, which is famous throughout the Island. The is all about sun, sea, and palm trees; from Teknaf, you can cruise to St. Martin Island with the best and the safest ship Keary Sindbad and reach St. Martin’s comfortably in two or few hours. Ferries leave the Island around 3 pm. Keary Sindbad ferry and you can purchase a round trip ticket, which can same-day return or 1-2 days later.

By Bus

There is a two-step process of getting Saint Martin’s Island by bus. First, you will need to travel to Teknaf, which is the southernmost district of Bangladesh, on the very southern trip.
One can come to Teknaf by bus from Dhaka, Chittagong and Cox’s Bazar. Several bus services depart from Fakirapool, Dhaka, to Teknaf. The maximum bus starts at night, and the journey is about 10-11 hours. Mid-level ships run daily and take around 2-2:30 hours. All the boats and cruises start a journey from Teknaf to Saint Martin to about 3 pm. The peak season is September to April. The total distance from Dhaka to the Island is 510km.

By Plane

You have to reach firstly in Cox’s Bazar from Dhaka-Chittagong by plane(Biman Airways, United Airways, Best Air, etc.). The fare from Dhaka to Cox’s Bazar is around BDT 6000-7500. After reaching Cox’s Bazar by plane, there are several ways to travel to Teknaf from Cox’s Bazar. There are private cars for rental, public buses, which start from Cox’s Bazar to Teknaf and cost BDT 60-80.

Tourism

Non-residential Bangladeshis and foreigners were the only people permitted on the Island from 1989 to 2004. After that, this has changed. Now residential Bangladeshis are allowed in St.
Martins Island. Saint Martins Island has become a tourist spot, and five shipping liners run daily trips to the Island. Tourists can book their trip either from Chittagong or from Cox’s
Bazar. There is an extension in St. Martin’s Island, which is known as Chera Dwip. A small bush is there, which is the only green part. People do not live on this green part, so the tourists should go there early and come back by afternoon.

Things to do in Saint Martin Island

Fishing is one of the most significant professional activities of St. Martin’s Island has 5,500 residents. The best weather is usually between November and February; however, this is the primary tourist season. Between March and July, cyclones can strike. The Island devasted by a hurricane in 1991 but has fully recovered. Thus, March to July is the off-season for tourists. During the rainy season, because of the dangerous conditions on the Bay of Bengal, there is no scope to go to the mainland(Teknaf), and their life can become dangerous. There is a hospital on the Island, but in the past, there has often been no doctor.

Sea view in Saint Martin Island

Saint Martin Island is the only coral sea beach in Bangladesh, where the water of this ocean is blue. You can swim in blue water; play football and drink coconut water, everything you want to do. You can use a cycle to look around, and it would be so much fun and lots of sea fish also you can eat. However, sea fishes are very much tasty and fresh.  Sea birds are fantastic. Stars are amazingly plentiful on a moonless night, due to the lack of electricity on the Island. In the rock beach area, Dhakinmatha(last point of the Island), the southern end of the Island has millions of years old rock formed from Coral. The city is famous as Rock Beach and can visit on foot.

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Jaflong

Jaflong is one of the most attractive tourist spots in the Sylhet division. It’s about 60km far from Sylhet town and takes two hours drive to reach there. Jaflong is a hill station and tourist destination and located in Gowainghat Upazila of Sylhet District. It is situated at the border between Bangladesh and the Indian state of Meghalaya. Jaflong is known for the stone collection. It is located near the tea gardens and hills. It is situated beside the river Mari in the lap of Khashia hill.

People came to Jaflong mainly on a day tour from Sylhet, which is the nearest big city. The main attraction to the local tourists is the beautiful hills of the Meghalaya state of India. People look toward the stunning view of the mountains of Meghalaya while standing on the land of Bangladesh. Many waterfalls on the hills of Meghalaya create a beautiful river called Plain, which flows directly to Bangladesh. A lot of stones come from the mountains to Bangladesh with the river. Hundreds of people in Bangladesh collect these stones from river Piain every day and make it full of activities. These stones are taken to the crushers and later supplied to all over Bangladesh as a construction material.

There are some attractions of Jaflong hill station, which are-

Stone crushing

The land grabbers grab government Khas land reserved forest land and extracted stone by cutting small hills of Jaflong. They also established crushing mills on the forestland without
permission from the government.

Zero-point

Zero points are the no-mans-land in the India-Bangladesh border from where you can have the best view of the Meghalaya hills, where the river piain arrives in Bangladesh is the most stunning.
You can access this place on foot, where the water level is low. But during monsoon, when the water level is high, you need to take a boat from Bolla Ghat to access this place.

Piain River in Jaflong

Piain river comes from the hills of Meghalaya from its numerous waterfalls. And few straight to Bangladesh, bringing lots of stones along with the flows. You can spot a fantastic view of the hills of Meghalaya from this river.

Sengram Punji Waterfalls

Sengram Punji Waterfalls is a waterfall on the hills of Meghalaya, about 700 meters west of the Zero point. You can cross the river on a boat and walk to the waterfall during the dry season. When the water level is high, you need to take a boat to reach this place. However, this place is located in India, Bangladeshi tourists can climb this waterfall. During
monsoon, there will be more water and very beautiful at the falls.

Sengram Punji Khashia village

Sengram Punji Khashia village is a beautiful village home of only for Khashia tribal people. Their primary profession is growing betel leaves, which is called locally “paan pata” and betel nuts.
The houses they live in are also of a unique design. It is located on the opposite side of the waterfall, accessible on foot during the dry season and by boat during monsoon.

Jaflong Bridge

On the Piain river, the newly constructed bridge is the most reliable infrastructure in Jaflong. You can have a stunning view of river piain and hills of Meghalaya surrounding the whole Jaflong from this bridge.

Collection of rolling stone

The collection of rolling stone is a large business in Jaflong. Most of the people in Jaflong are somehow related to the stone collection activities. Some people collect rocks from the river,
some people bye from them and sell to the crushing companies, and these crushing companies crush these stones on small pieces for construction works. They send these stones to all over
Bangladesh by trucks. Lots of vehicles are involved in carrying these stones. Crushing machines are continuously making these stones into pieces. Trucks are loading and unloading. All these stages
create a lot of jobs and employ many people. While entering Jaflong, you’ll see these stone crushing yards spread through several miles. People are carrying stones on their heads and taking into crushing machines. All the yards are full of activities.

Restaurants in Jaflong

‘Sengram Punji cafe’ run by Nazimgarh resorts, located on Sengram Punji(Khashia village), is the best restaurant in Jaflong. You can find many restaurants on Ballaghat which serves ok quality food on a local standard.

Tourism

First, you need to come to Sylhet from anywhere in the country, to reach Jaflong. You will get a direct bus to Jaflong from Sobhani Ghat bus station, which is leaving every hour. The best time to visit during monsoon(July-September). If you want to see the stone collection activities, you need to visit during winter(October-May). During monsoon, there will be no stone collection activities.

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Sundarban, a mangrove forest

Sundarban is a trendy spot for ecotourism in Bangladesh, which is the Worlds largest mangrove forest, covering 4200 square kilometers. 60% of the forest located in Bangladesh and this part of the forest is the densest and diverse with flora and fauna. Only in the Bangladesh part of Sundarbans, you can have an authentic experience of the mangrove forest. There are so many canals in the forest. It is the home to the famous Royal Bengal Tiger. Sundarban also hosts the curious spotted deer, estuarine crocodiles, water lizards, kingfishers, white storks, and white-bellied eagles. The variety of birds and many species of crabs, fish and oysters/mollusks are also part of the exotic wildlife here. As a world heritage site, the Sundarbans attracts nature lovers from around the world.

Location

There are four protected areas in the Sundarbans enlisted as UNESCO World Heritage Sites, Sundarbans national park, Sundarbans West, Sundarbans south and Sundarbans East Wildlife sanctuaries. The Sundarbans mangrove forest covers on area of about 10,000 km of which is located in the Khulna division in Bangladesh, extending over 6017 km and in West Bengal, they
extend over 4260km across the south 24 Parganas and North 24 Parganas districts.

History of Sundarbans

The first Forest Management Division to have jurisdiction in 1869. A large portion of the mangrove forests declared in 1875 as reserved forests under the forest act. The rest of the forest portions of the forests were declared a reserve forest the following year. A forest division created in 1879 with the headquarters in Khulna, Bangladesh. The first management plan is written for the period 1893-98. In 1987 it became inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Overall it is a great place to enjoy the holidays.

Things to do in Sundarbans

In Sundarbans, there are many things to do. It is a vast forest with so many places to go and so many things to do. You must know before visiting the forest, where you need to go and what you need to do. Some of the experiences you must have in Sundarbans for the ultimate experience of the largest mangrove forest in the world.

Morning boat ride in the narrow canals

In Sundarbans, hundred of canals spread, which are the life-line of the forest on earth. Early morning, all the animals and birds come to these narrow creeks and canals to drink water and catch prays. You can get a silent row-boat ride on these narrow creeks and canals early in the morning. This would provide the best experience in the forest. You will be able to spot lots of animals and birds, only these trips. Make sure not to scare them. You need to extremely quiet on these trips. Sundarbans is why you must travel in a small group.

Walk inside the forest

Walking on the Kochikhali to Kotka, which goes through the jungle, open field and Jamtola sea beach, this 10 km long trail will give you a great experience to discover the forest.
Make sure to wear covered shoes to protect your feet from spiky trees and grass on this trail. You will have a first-hand experience of the largest mangrove forest on earth.

In the evening seat quietly on a watchtower

There is a watchtower in Kotka, overlooking an open field with sweet water tanks for the animals. They come here to drink sweet water in the evening. If you sit quietly in the evening
on this watchtower, you can see many wild animals here. Sundarbans is a remarkable experience you must not miss while visiting the forest.

Visit Jamtola Beach

In Bangladesh, beaches are overcrowded. Jamtola beach is the only exception in Sundarban. It would help if you spent some time on Jamtola beach while visiting the forest. Jamtola Beach is located deep inside Sundarbans beside the Bay of Bengal. It is the cleanest, most beautiful and quietest beach in Bangladesh.

Enjoy the night sky and sound of nature

You will spend the nights on a houseboat, which will be parked for the nights on the rivers in different parts of the forest each night. You must sit quietly on the open deck of the boat and look at the sky and can spot thousands of stars in the whole galaxy. Sundarbans will give you a once-in-a-lifetime experience.

Watch Dolphins

Sundarbans is the only place in the world where the Ganges river dolphins and Irrawaddy dolphins found in Sundarban. You must go to these places and see the dolphins jumping from the water while visiting the mangrove forest. It will be a great experience.

Visit a Wildlife sanctuary

Always join a small group of a maximum of 6 people on any Sundarbans tour. It has several wildlife Sanctuaries. In which Kotka wildlife sanctuary is the most accessible. You can see lots of deer, monkeys, crocodiles and other animals on these sanctuaries. Having a proper tour of Sundarbans you must watch this.

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